Aesthetic Dental Fillings ; They are the preferred tooth-colored restorations, especially in cases where aesthetics are at the forefront. Due to its connection properties with teeth, there is no need to remove material from the tooth in order to provide retention as in amalgam fillings; it is enough to just remove the caries. Composite fillings are placed in the prepared cavity layer by layer and each layer is cured with a special light. When this process is finished, composite fillings are shaped and corrected according to the tooth.
Although they were only used in the front teeth in the 1960s, with the advanced development of the material, they can be successfully applied to the posterior teeth as a less wearing filling material that is resistant to chewing pressures.
Composites can be used not only to restore caries, but also for their cosmetic effects by changing the color and shape of teeth. Their only disadvantage is that there is some sensitivity after the procedure. Colors of the fillings; It may change slightly with coloring foods such as coffee and tea. These complications have been reduced to a minimum with the development of technology in recent years. Unlike amalgam restorations, composite fillings are completed in one session. After the treatment, the patient can use his teeth normally.
The natural form before decay is tried to be restored with the filling to be made to the tooth. The type of filling used depends on the position and function of the tooth. Molars, which perform most of the chewing function, are exposed to more pressure and need a more durable material than the front teeth.
Previously, the most common filling material was silver amalgam and was used in the posterior teeth. These types of fillings are actually mercury, silver and other metal alloys. However, aesthetics are not met due to their appearance. Also, filling applications may be required depending on the loss of material in the teeth in the anterior region. Porcelain fillings are a filling method developed to protect healthy dental tissue in cases where there is a lot of material loss and the tooth is completely reduced and a crown application is required. It is preferred over amalgam fillings because it is more aesthetic and useful.
In the first session, except for the diseased areas of the tooth, the measurements of the cavities prepared from healthy tissue without any abrasion are sent to the laboratory. Here, the filling is prepared from porcelain that completes the missing structure of the tooth specially prepared for this tooth of the patient and adhered to the patient’s tooth in the second session. It has a natural appearance because it is the same color as the tooth.
Now, composite fillings are made in the same color as the person’s own tooth and suitable for the form of the tooth. In these fillings, which are so natural that they cannot be distinguished by the eye, smoking etc. Coloring due to dyes is also prevented. Patients use these healthy and aesthetically filled teeth for many years as if there is no filling in their teeth.
Inlays and Onlays Restorations (Ceramic Fillings)
Porcelain fillings (porcelain inlays or onlays) are fillings prepared in the laboratory with superior aesthetics and durability. Compared to composite fillings, it is much more compatible with the tooth and neighboring teeth they are applied to. It is a kind of sectional porcelain that restores the loss of material in the teeth due to factors such as root canal treatment, caries and trauma to complement only the missing parts of the tooth, or a kind of filling made of composite or porcelain reinforced in the laboratory.
In inlays and onlays, as in laminate veneers, the solid part of the tooth is protected in its natural state. It is preferred to replace metallic and dark colored amalgam restorations in the posterior teeth of patients with high esthetic and comfort expectations. In addition, when a large number of fillings are required, the porcelain fillings prepared in the laboratory are placed in the second session, following the dental preparation and measurement phase to be made in one session, saving time. Likewise, the preparation of restorations in the laboratory, not in the mouth, like conventional fillings, provides a perfect fit.
Treatment life is much longer than composite fillings. This porcelain filling, which has the same hardness as a tooth, prevents fractures caused by biting forces and ensures that the tooth is as healthy as before. Because it is tooth-colored, the filling is so natural that it cannot be distinguished by the naked eye. Dental implants